MDI Impact Indicator
Associated Outcome Indicator
1. Income Poverty Reduction
· Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day

1. % people whose net income generated within target value chains has increased, by sex
2. % households with access to secure land tenure, by sex of the head of household
3. % households that do not rely solely on agriculture for their livelihood
4. % households with capacity to cope with environmental shocks without depleting assets
2. Food Security
· Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years of age
· Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
5. % change in dietary diversity, by sex
6. % children 0-23 months who are underweight (weight for age), by sex
7. % households with food reserves
3. Education
· Net enrolment ratio in primary education
· Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary school
· Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men
8. Primary school completion rates by formal (gov’t funded)/non-formal schools, by sex
9. Primary education programs gross enrollment rates by formal (gov’t funded)/non-formal schools, by sex
10. Student-to-teacher ratios by formal (gov’t funded)/non-formal primary schools
4. Women’s Empowerment
Mandatory for all programs
· Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
· Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
· Change in women’s self-efficacy
11. % men and women reporting meaningful participation of women in decision-making at the household level in a domain previously reserved for men (domain:_)
12. % men and women reporting meaningful participation of women in the public sphere (domain: _)
13. % men and women with changed attitudes toward gender-based violence
14. % couples making informed joint decisions regarding sexual and reproductive health
15. % men and women reporting ability of women to effectively control productive assets
16. % women reporting an improvement in their psychosocial wellbeing
17. Average number of hours per day spent on house work, and in relation to the duration of the working day, by sex
5. Child Health and Nutrition
· Under-five mortality rate
· Infant mortality rate

18. % children exclusively breast-fed within the first 1 hour after birth and up to age 6 months
19. Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles
20. % children age 0-23 months who slept under an insecticide-treated bed net in the previous 2 weeks
6. Maternal Health
· Maternal mortality ratio
· Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel either at home or at a health facility
· ANC and PNC (at least 1 visit and at least 4 visits)
21. % women with met need for emergency obstetric care
22. % women attending 4 ANC visits at a health facility
23. % women reporting satisfaction with the quality of care received
7. Sexual and Reproductive Health
· Contraceptive prevalence rate
· Adolescent birth rate
· Unmet need for family planning
24. % people whose need for family planning services is met, by sex
25. % people making informed decisions about their contraceptive use, by sex
26. % adolescents with access to contraceptive methods, by sex
· HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
· Condom use at last high-risk sex
· Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
27. % people with correct knowledge of the 2 major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV/AIDS, by sex
28. % adults with more than one partner in the past 12 months reporting the use of a condom during last sexual intercourse, by sex
29. % people with advanced HIV infection receiving antiretroviral combination therapy, by sex
30. % people utilizing HIV-associated clinical services such as VCT, STI, TB, by sex
9. Environment Sustainability
· Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
· Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility

31. % local actors with meaningful participation in productive natural resource management at community level, by sex
32. % of population using an improved drinking water source
33. % of population using an improved sanitation facility
34. % of population with access to emergency warnings
35. % of population using improved fuel sources
10. Governance
Mandatory for all programs

Section under construction – Indicators to be developed by CARE-UK and CARE-USA in FY10

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